Hell’s Gate National Park which covers an area of 68.25 km2 is situated in the environs of Lake Naivasha about 90 km from Nairobi. The park is situated 14 km after the turnoff from the old Nairobi-Naivasha highway. The park is characterised by diverse topography and geological scenery. It is famous for its natural geysers, eagle and vulture breeding grounds.
Scenic locations include Fisher’s Tower, the Central Tower and the Njorowa gorge. Two extinct volcanoes Olkaria and Hobley’s are located here. Natural steam vents rise from volcanic rock. Obsidian, a striking black glassy rock formed from cooled molten lava is a feature of this landscape.
The flora is mainly grasslands and shrublands with the latter being dominated by LeIeshwa and several species of acacia. Large mammals found in the park include buffalo, eland, plains zebra, Grants and Thompsons gazelles, reedbuck, impala, Coke’s hartebeest Maasai giraffe, lion, leopard, cheetah and spotted hyenas. The gorge and cliffs and breeding sites for several species of raptors and swifts. 103 species of birds have been recorded in the park.
Olkaria Geothermal Station is located inside the park.